What Are the Three Branches of U.S. Government and How Do They Work Together?
Three Branches of Government Our federal government has three parts. They are the Executive, (President and about 5,, workers) Legislative (Senate and House of Representatives) and Judicial (Supreme Court and lower Courts). The President of the United States administers the Executive Branch of our government. Feb 03, · The Three Branches of US Government. The Executive Branch. The executive branch consists of the president, vice president and 15 Cabinet-level departments such as State, Defense, The Legislative Branch. The Judicial Branch. Checks and Balances.
The United States has three branches of government: the executive, the legislative and the judicial. Each of these branches has a distinct and essential role in the function of the government, and they were established in Articles 1 legislative2 executive and 3 judicial of the U.
The executive branch consists of the presidentvice president and 15 Cabinet-level departments such as State, Defense, Interior, Transportation, and Education. The primary power of the executive branch rests with the president, who chooses his vice presidentand his Cabinet members who head the respective departments. A crucial function of the executive branch is to ensure that laws are carried out and enforced to facilitate such day-to-day responsibilities of the federal government as collecting taxes, safeguarding the homeland and representing the United States' political and economic interests around the world.
The president leads American people and the federal government. The president is freely elected by the people through the Electoral College system. The president serves a four-year term in office how to check original crizal lenses can be elected no more than twice. The Vice President also serves as the President of the United States Senate, where he or she casts the deciding vote in how to turn automatic updates off case of a tie.
They include the vice president, the heads of the 15 executive departments, and other high-ranking government officials. Each Cabinet member also holds a spot in the presidential line of succession.
After the Vice President, Speaker of the Houseand President pro tempore of the Senate, the line of succession continues with the Cabinet offices in the order in which the departments were created. With the exception of the vice president, Cabinet members are nominated by the president and must be approved by a simple majority of the Senate. The legislative branch consists of the Senate and the House of Representativescollectively known as the Congress.
There are senators; each state has two. Each state has a different number of representatives, with the number determined by the state's population, through a process known as " apportionment. The legislative branch, as a whole, is charged with passing the nation's laws and allocating funds for the running of the federal government and providing assistance to the 50 U.
The Constitution grants the House of Representatives several exclusive powers, including the power to initiate spending and tax-related revenue what is the best laptop for mechanical engineering students, impeach federal officialsand elect the President of the United States in the case of an electoral college tie.
The Senate is granted the sole power to try federal officials impeached by the House of Representatives, the power to confirm presidential appointments that require consent and to ratify treaties with foreign governments. However, the House must also approve appointments to the office of Vice President and all treaties that involves foreign trade, since they involve revenue. Both the House and Senate must approve all legislation —bills and resolutions—before they can be sent to the president for his or her signature and final enactment.
Both the House and the Senate must pass the identical bill by a simple what sexual intercourse feels like vote. The judicial what time does the springfield mall close consists of the United States Supreme Court and lower federal courts.
Under the Supreme Court's constitutional jurisdictionits primary function is to hear cases that challenge the constitutionality of legislation or require interpretation of that legislation. The U. Supreme Court has nine Justices, who are nominated by the president and must be confirmed by a simple majority vote of the Senate.
Once appointed, Supreme Court justices serve until they retireresign, die or are impeached. The lower federal courts also decide what were the 3 branches of government dealing with the constitutionality of laws, as well as cases involving the laws and treaties of the U.
Decisions of the lower federal courts can be and often are appealed to the U. Supreme Court. Why are there three separate and distinct branches of government, each with a different function? The framers of the Constitution did not wish to return to the totalitarian system of governance imposed on colonial America by the British government. To ensure that no single person or entity had a monopoly on power, the Founding Fathers designed and instituted a system of checks and balances.
The president's power is checked by the Congress, which can refuse to confirm his appointees, for example, and has the power to impeach or remove, a president. Congress may pass laws, but the president has the power to veto them Congress, in turn, may override a veto.
And the Supreme Court can rule on the constitutionality of a law, but Congress, with approval from two-thirds of the states, may amend the Constitution. Updated by Robert Longley. Share Flipboard Email. Issues The U. Government U. Legal System U.
Foreign Policy U. Liberal Politics U. Phaedra Trethan is a news reporter at the Courier-Post, where she covers politics, immigration, poverty, and more. She has been recognized by the New Jersey Press Association for her work. Updated February 03, Cite this Article Format.
Trethan, Phaedra. Watch Now: Checks and Balances in the U. Legislative Powers of the President of the United States. What the President of the United States Does.
Overview of Rider Bills in Government. About the Legislative Branch of U. Congressional Majority and Minority Leaders and Whips. Current Justices of the U.
Jul 17, · The Constitutional Convention The Legislative Branch to make the laws. Congress is made up of two houses, the Senate and the House of Representatives. The Executive Branch to enforce the laws. The Judicial Branch to interpret the laws. THE THREE BRANCHES OF GOVERNMENT The three branches of our government were established by our Constitution. The Founding Fathers, the framers of the Constitution, wanted to form a government that did not allow one person to have too much authority or control. While under the rule of the British king they learned that this could be a bad system. Aug 04, · The three separate branches were named the executive, legislative and judicial, and would allow for a system of checks and balances between them so that no one branch could have too much power. The legislative branch is congress, which is made up of the House of Representatives and the Senate, and the main function of this branch is to make the laws.
The idea was to create a national government that was both strong and fair, which led to three separate governmental branches and a system of checks and balances. The three separate branches were named the executive, legislative and judicial, and would allow for a system of checks and balances between them so that no one branch could have too much power.
The legislative branch is congress, which is made up of the House of Representatives and the Senate, and the main function of this branch is to make the laws. The executive branch is headed by the president, and makes those laws official. The president is elected by the country and approves and carries out laws that are passed by the legislative branch.
The third branch is called the judicial branch, which oversees the court system and is headed by the Supreme Court. It is up to the judicial branch to interpret and explain the meaning of the United States Constitution and other laws Congress passes. More From Reference. What Is Product Orientation? What Is Delimitation in Research?