Parts of a Website: Web Design Terms Explained
Jul 11, · A site map (or sitemap) is a file which contains information about the organization of your website and its entire relative links. In other words, it lists the pages on your website. Site maps can be used for planning your website design. The Internet map. About Blog Blog.
May 18, By Sara Dunn. Headers, sidebars, blog posts, footers…? While we try really hard to speak in plain English, we know web designers can use a lot of what is the role of commercial banks in the economy. In this post, let me take a few minutes to get you comfortable with web design terms that your web designer might use. Then, you can jump right in and look like a pro during your web design project.
The how to make a football helmet for halloween page of a website is the opening page, usually located at your main hwat URL. Its goals are usually to:. Home pages can be long or short, containing a lot of information or just a little, depending on your goals. Keep in mind that the home page is not always the first page that visitors land on when they enter your website especially if you have a smart education-based marketing and SEO strategy.
So every page on your website should lead visitors to learn more about you and take action, not just the home page. The slides may include a large image and they may also include text and buttons overlaid on top. While sliders were very popular several years ago, Eeb do not sie recommend using sliders for modern website design. The header of a website is the consistent area at the top of the site that includes the logo and navigation wen.
At 11Web, our tendency is to keep the header very simple and lead the user to the navigation menu. The navigation is part of the header and includes the links that take visitors to other parts of your website.
Note that navigation can include both primary and secondary navigation menus. Two separate navigation menus are used when there may be a lot of navigation needed, and you want to what socks do nba players wear clear which links are most important. The primary menu includes the main, most prominent links.
These are generally links what year did the closer premiere high-value pages on the website like the Services and Contact pages. The secondary menu iw other links that may not be as transactional or important. This might be links to Login, My Account, or Employment. Today, though, there is a lot more talk around the idea that sidebars just add distracting clutter to a website.
What the Research Sjte. We tend to keep sidebars on the websites we design simple and relevant, when we use them. Our goal is to simply guide the user to an action we want them to take, not to distract from the main content of a wbat. It usually involves an deb headline, a sentence or paragraph about the benefits of taking the action, and a button or opt-in box.
It is one of the most important parts of a website because it is what guides the visitor to sire what you ultimately want them to do. The sits footer is the consistent content x at the bottom of every page of your website. Whay it the bottom bun on the website cheeseburger if the header is the top bun.
It took several years, a degree in International Business, and a short-lived career in distribution before Sara realized her true passion was still behind a computer. Sara loves collaborating with businesses and organizations to take the fear and frustration out of the internet.
Wwb her business background, Sara has the expertise to help clients pinpoint their primary audience and target communications to best reach that audience. She then transforms this strategy into a profitable and easy-to-navigate web solution designed to get results. I come to your site when I chance upon hearing your interview at the Matt Report podcast. I just want to say that this post is simply brilliant. Simple, informative and straight to the whaat.
Hello Sara! I really appreciate the clear explanations and points that you made in your post. I still find it challenging every time Maap set menus for my new websites and also I quite, unfortunately, ignore the footer area. Thanks for sharing! Very nice and precisely described the different parts of a website.
Really useful information. A website is an online representation of your company online. A website is developed to connect digitally to your customers. Almost every website needs maintenance to keep up with the pace of the industry. This article describes the Web Design Terms and the explanation of that. This article has covered every information regarding the web design terms that your web designer might use in detail. Thank you for posting this article.
Sarah… I ran across this article during a Google search. This post is GOLD!!! Thank you so much! I have been working on developing web content for my new website and was looking for organizational assistance. Quite frankly, I was drowning in all the ideas and examples I have accumulated. Wfb trying to mentally conceptualize the layout of my website, I became overwhelmed with all of the different parts of a website design, as well as the correct terminology.
I was also considering the use of sliders and a side bar in my website. Your references on these topics have provided great information that has webb me pause to reconsider such usages. Your post provided immense clarity! I will be searching for other posts whah may have blogged about for more information.
You have turned my chaos into organized chaos… and for how to unstick a cake from a pan you have my many thanks! John, thank you so much for this great feedback. Wishing you all the best in further organizing your chaos! What hormones cause hair growth I was looking for a learning website structure.
And finally, I got your article that contains a piece of very good information for me. Header The what does the color red represents of a website is the consistent area at the top of the site that includes the logo and navigation menu.
Example of a website header on the Naylor Landscape website, highlighted in red A header might include: Logo Navigation menu Tagline Phone number Address Search box Buttons Social media icons Login or My Account link Opt-in box At 11Web, z tendency is to keep the header very simple and lead the user to the navigation menu.
Navigation Menu The navigation is part of the header and includes the links that sit visitors to other mwp of your website. The Vitale-Robinson website includes a ,ap menu larger and a secondary menu smaller, in a black bar The primary menu includes the main, most prominent links. Comments Hello, Thanks for sharing this great information. Mainly concerned on the Call to Action. Useful article for aeb new-comers. Thanks a lot of madam. Thanks for sharing this informative article.
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On the Princeton University web site (loveallfind.com, Figure ), quick links highlight key areas that are not represented by top-level navigation options. On the home page shown here, however, it might be better to display these links directly on the page, perhaps in a site map-like arrangement. Jun 02, · A site or website is a central location of web pages that are related and accessed by visiting the home page of the website using a browser. For example, the Computer Hope website address URL (Uniform Resource Locator) is loveallfind.com Website Location. Need to know where is located a website? With this tool you can discover the geographical location of a website, in a nutshell, where is located a website. The website location is gathered by analyzing its server IP address.
Your job is to sort them out. You must determine the purpose and importance of the navigation within your site, bringing similar options together and presenting them as a cohesive unit. Of course, there are conventions to get you started—bars and tabs are commonly used for the main navigation, vertical mechanisms on the left for local navigation—but there are no set usage rules, and many variations exist.
To sort them out, try thinking like a visitor, not a designer. Take time to consider how visitors perceive the navigation mechanisms. Understanding the type of navigation a menu represents can help people predict links and reorient themselves on new pages. But what makes a main navigation the main navigation? What makes a related link different than a local navigation? Several aspects distinguish types of navigation:.
The navigation on home pages is usually different from the navigation on product pages, for example, and visitors expect certain navigational elements to appear on search results pages. The role the page plays in the overall site also gives purpose to different types of navigation.
All of these aspects work together to allow site visitors to recognize that the main navigation is a main navigation and that local navigation is a local navigation. This sets the stage for interacting with the navigation and the site as a whole. To help you ensure navigational concepts are immediately clear on your sites, this chapter surveys the various navigation types and their functions, as well as key page types.
The terminology describing navigation and navigational types can vary greatly. Whenever possible, alternative names are provided with each of the descriptions. Still, you may find alternative or even contradictory uses of terms in your organization. In all cases, just remember that your goal remains the same: to understand the role and purpose of navigation. Most navigation types fall into three primary categories [ 51 ] Figure Connects pages with similar topics and content, regardless of their location in the site; links tend to cross structural boundaries.
Connects pages and features that help people use the site itself; these may lie outside the main hierarchy of the site, and their only relationship to one another is their function. As its name implies, structural navigation follows the structure of a web site.
Structural navigation can be further subdivided into two types: main navigation and local navigation. Also called: global navigation, primary navigation, main nav. The links in the main navigation are expected to lead to pages within the site and behave in a very consistent way. Changes in navigation from page to page are usually small when using the main navigation. Overall, a main navigation supports a variety of user tasks and modes of information seeking, including known-item seeking, exploration, and even re-finding.
The main navigation aids in orientation. It is comforting to have a persistent navigation mechanism across the site, particularly for large, information-rich sites. It allows people to switch topics. Visitors can get to other sections of a site efficiently, or they can reset their navigation path and start over using main navigation options.
It helps when users get interrupted while navigating and reminds visitors where they are in a site. Main navigation gives shape to a site. In many ways, the main navigation defines the boundaries of the site itself. The main navigation is often presented in a global navigation area, which generally includes the site logo and utility navigation. See the following section for more on utility navigation. Consider the global navigation area of the University of Valencia www. The six main navigation options are on the left below the logo.
Some utility links are included to the right, such as a site map and link to site search. Critics of an ever-present global navigation point to its intrusion on valuable screen real estate. These concerns are entirely valid. The global navigation area in Figure occupies a fair amount of the page, and the designers might have done a better job reducing it, particularly on content pages further down in the site. The question is how prominent and persistent it should be. The answer depends on several factors:.
Larger sites with thousands of pages may benefit from a steady main navigational mechanism across pages. Smaller sites may be navigable with only breadcrumbs or contextual navigation. You need to understand your users and their information needs, then design accordingly. Companies have goals. Inherently, some options will be promoted and highlighted over others. A visible, persistent global navigation may fulfill a stakeholder need. For instance, some task flows, such as a checkout process or online bank transfer, should restrain people from jumping out in the middle of a process.
Compare Figure , which shows the home page of the Opodo travel site www. For checkout, the main navigation tabs were removed to provide focus during the process and avoid errors. Also called: sub-navigation, page-level navigation. Local navigation is used to access lower levels in a structure, below the main navigation pages. Local navigation often works in conjunction with a global navigation system and is really an extension of the main navigation.
Because local navigation varies more often than main navigation, it is often treated differently. It is very common to place a global navigation along the top of the page and have local navigation as a vertical link list on the left in the shape of an inverted L. Local navigation might also be represented by a second row of options under a horizontal global navigation or by dynamic menus.
Figure diagrams these three common arrangements. Keep in mind that other arrangements are possible, such as a right-hand local navigation, as well as combinations and hybrid arrangements.
Generally transitions from page to page with a local navigation are smooth and consistent. But local navigation can be more volatile than global navigation in some instances. It may be used to link to other page types, content formats. Overall, local navigation provides a great deal of context, such as which topics belong together, related content, and so forth.
It also gives a sense of granularity of a topic. For this reason, local navigation supports general exploration, as well as known-item seeking and re-finding. It also points to content a visitor might not have known existed. The Dutch version of the Philips web site www. In Figure , a dynamic menu extends from the main navigation and displays options for Over Philips.
Clicking one of these local navigation then leads to a page where the menu is repeated on the left Figure Pages one level down from here are then also revealed, between the grey bars in the image. Overall, this is an efficient navigation strategy that makes good use of screen real estate.
Figure An embedded vertical local navigation on Philips. For the first page a screen reader user encounters while using a site, this may be helpful. For persistent navigation with many options, place a Skip Navigation link before the navigation mechanism starts, so visitors can jump to the main content of a page, thereby skipping the navigation. Another strategy is to show navigation at the bottom of the page and to have a Skip to Navigation link at the top of the page for keyboard-based browsers.
Then, at the bottom of the navigation, include a Back to Content link to bring users back to the content of the page. Associative navigation makes important connections across levels of a hierarchy or site structure. While reading about one topic, the user can access to other topics. This is a key aspect of hypertext in general, but is also at the heart of the embedded digression problem mentioned in Chapter 2. Three common types of associative navigation are: contextual navigation, quick links, and footer navigation.
Take a closer look at each in turn. Also called: associative links, related links. As the name implies, contextual navigation can vary. Though links may transition to similar pages at the same level within the site, they quite frequently lead to new content areas, different page types, or even a new site. Generally, contextual navigation is placed close to the content of a page. This creates a strong connection between the meaning of a text and the linked related pages.
There are two typical arrangements of contextual navigation on the page Figure :. Contextual navigation may be embedded within the text itself. As a result, contextual navigation is often represented as plain text links. If the navigation is embedded within text, there may be an explicit indication to prepare users for more disjointed interaction, such as linking to a different content format or another site. For instance, an embedded link may be preceded or succeeded by text indicating that the linked material is on a different site or in a different format.
Figure shows the Education page on the web site of the Information Architecture Institute www. Links in the text lead to other pages in the site on various levels of the structure. The first link in the last paragraph opens a PDF document, as noted in the text. The second link goes to Amazon. Instead, it supports exploration and may point people to new information.