What food did the southern colonies grow?
Aug 04, · According to South Carolina’s Department of Agriculture, corn, cotton, hay, oats, peanuts, soybeans and wheat are among the state’s most important crops. South Carolina also produces an abundance of leafy green vegetables, including collard greens, turnip greens, kale and mustard greens. Most of the key crops of the state are grown in rows on large tracts of land. According to South Carolina’s Department of Agriculture, corn, South Carolina produces a wide diversity of crops including cotton, hay, oats, peanuts, soybeans and wheat. are among the state’s most important crops. In addition to, South Carolina also produces the most important crop abundance of leafy green vegetables, such as collard greens, mustard greens, turnip greens and kale.
In addition to economic motives, indigo production carolna succeeded because it fit within the existing agricultural economy. The crop could be grown on land not suited for rice and tended by slaves, so planters and farmers already committed to plantation agriculture did not have to reconfigure their land and labor. It was grown commercially from to and was second only to rice in export value. South Carolina experimented with indigo production as early as the s but could not compete with superior dyes produced in the West Indies.
Cultivating and processing the plant was complex, and planters found other grlw more reliable and easier to produce.
In London colonial agent James Crokatt persuaded Parliament in to subsidize Carolina indigo production by placing a bounty of six pence per pound on the dye. England received almost all Carolina indigo exports, although by the s a small percentage xarolina being shipped soutg northern colonies.
Two varieties of indigo were native to Carolina, Indigofera Vid and Indigofera Lespotsepala, but neither produced a reputable dye. Prices paid for the dye varied with quality.
In general dye from French or Spanish colonies sold for more than Carolina indigo, whose reputation for quality was less favorable. The cycle of planting, processing, and marketing indigo began in March, when the fields were prepared for sowing. Planting began in early Sout, with a first harvest in July and often a second harvest in August or September. After cutting, the plant was carried to the processing site, a work area generally shaded by a thatched roof. Specialized equipment included three graduated vats set next to each other, in which the plants would be converted to dye.
The conversion involved soaking the plants in the grlw vat, beating the indigo-soaked whah in the second vat until thickened grains formed, then suth away that water into the third vat.
The thickened mud that settled to the bottom of the second vat was the indigo paste, which was dried, cut into squares, packed in barrels, and shipped to market during the winter months. Carolina indigo was grown in a variety of locations and in a number of ways. North of Charleston, most planters focused solely on indigo. By the s production expanded from the lowcountry to the interior. Indigo was especially important in Williamsburg Township, where the soil was ideal and the crop was an important ssouth of the local economy.
By the s, some indigo was also produced in Orangeburg and Fredericksburg Townships. The Revolutionary War disrupted production, although the Continental army used Carolina indigo to dye some of its uniforms. Production appeared to recover after the war, aspounds of dye were exported in But indigo exports declined sharply in the s. No how to write and publish a book for dummies part of the British Empire, South Carolina indigo growers lost their bounty and market as England turned to India to supply its indigo demand.
Carolina planters soon after turned their attention to cotton, another crop that fit neatly into the plantation economy. Chaplin, Joyce E. Coon, David L. Jelatis, Virginia. Sharrer, G.
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Growing Indigo in South Carolina. In little over a decade after its cultivation by year-old Eliza Lucas, indigo became one of South Carolina’s most profitable cash crops. In the face of agriculture in South Carolina changed dramatically when Eliza Lucas, the year-old daughter of a wealthy planter, successfully cultivated indigo for the first time in the American colonies. Tobacco, soybeans and cotton are the top three crops of South Carolina. South Carolina also produces corn, peaches, a variety of vegetables and pecans. The climate was good for growing crops. Planters used enslaved Africans to do the hard work needed to grow tobacco and rice. In South Carolina and Georgia, the main crops were rice and indigo. Also Know, why the southern colonies were better? The southern colonies grew cash crops like cotton, tobacco, and rice. The huge demand for these crops helped some farmers grow extremely wealthy.
In the face of agriculture in South Carolina changed dramatically when Eliza Lucas, the year-old daughter of a wealthy planter, successfully cultivated indigo for the first time in the American colonies.
Because the rich, blue dye extracted from the indigo plant was rare—and expensive—it was a symbol of status and wealth and in high demand in Europe. Indigo production was an extremely labor-intensive, multi-day process that could only be profitable when done on a large scale with slave labor, which limited it to plantations. Though most South Carolinians had few slaves, some landowners had many. The indigo crop also extended the growing season, creating year-round work that made slavery more profitable.
However, indigo quickly exhausted the soil, forcing plantation owners to demand more land from local Native American tribes. Rice was grown on swampy terrain along the coast. Extracting dye was a challenging and tedious process involving pounding indigo plants for up to 20 hours.
Up to 60 percent of all African slaves entering the American colonies during the s landed in South Carolina. The increased demand for indigo required more labor, in turn creating higher demand for slaves.
July 24, , South Carolina.