Ringworm in Dogs — Symptoms, Treatment, and Prevention
Nov 08, · Ringworm can be one of the most frustrating problems to treat because of its contagious nature. The first step should be a thorough decontamination of your animal and his environment, including all grooming supplies, toys and bedding. A simple blend of vinegar, water and high-quality tea tree essential oil can be used to clean most items. Nov 09, · Treating ringworm in dogs usually consists of three steps: Topical therapy Oral medications Environmental decontamination.
Ringworm was once considered extremely difficult to manage and treat in shelter. A decade ago, cats who arrived at AHS with ringworm were immediately euthanized. But inAHS made a leap to address this fungal challenge with a new treatment method, giving cats with ringworm a second chance. Ringworm has always been a great concern for animal shelters.
A ringworm infection takes weeks to show up in animals, and treating it can take months, making it dangerous in environments like rescue organizations that are housing hundreds of animals. AHS has successfully treated ringworm in dogs for years, but curing cats is more challenging. Ringworm is far more contagious in cats than other species because felines can carry and spread the illness while remaining asymptomatic. The treatment method was developed with recommendations from Dr.
Sandra Newbury, one of the leading shelter veterinarians in the country. It takes what does the name kate mean in irish weeks and requires a great deal of time, space, and expensive medications.
As of Julymore than cats have been treated for ringworm at AHS, cured of the disease, and given the second chance they deserve. Preventing lost pets.
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A ringworm infection takes weeks to show up in animals, and treating it can take months, making it dangerous in environments like rescue organizations that are housing hundreds of animals. AHS has successfully treated ringworm in dogs for years, but curing cats is more challenging. How is ringworm treated? 1. Topical therapy Occasionally, topical therapy is used alone for treatment of ringworm, but more commonly it is used 2. Oral treatment In the majority of cases of ringworm, effective treatment will require administration of an oral 3. Environmental cleaning. At the first sign of the lesions of ringworm, topical treatment should be started. Reducing the density of animals and direct contact in addition to increased exposure to sunlight and being maintained on dry lots help prevent the spread between animals.
The most commonly isolated fungal organisms are Microsporum canis , Trichophyton mentagrophytes , and Microsporum gypseum. This disease occurs in dogs, cats, and other species of animals, including people. It is diagnosed more commonly in young individuals than in aduld.
The condition or disease described in this medical article can affect both dogs and cats. If you would like to learn more about how this disease affects cats please visit this page in the petMD health library. Less frequently, dogs develop a raised nodular lesion that may ooze called a kerion. The nails and claw folds the skin bordering the nail may also be infected by ringworm fungus, which results in brittle or misshapen nails.
Occasionally, dogs are classified as asymptomatic or silent carriers. In other words, they harbor the disease-causing fungus but present no visible signs of the condition. These dogs can still pass the disease on to humans and other animals. There are a few ways that dogs can get ringworm. Dogs most commonly are infected with the fungi Microsporum canis , Microsporum gypseum , and Trichophyton mentagrophytes. The incidence of these and the less common species that cause ringworm varies according to your geographic location.
Dogs often catch ringworm through direct contact with animals or people who have ringworm themselves, some of whom may have little or no clinical evidence of the disease. Ringworm fungus can also be spread through contaminated objects like bedding, brushes, clippers, and cages.
Some species of ringworm live in the soil, and dogs can become sick after contacting dirt that is home these organisms. Anything that decreases the body's ability to mount an effective immune response such as young age, immunocompromising diseases, or immunosuppressive medications increases the likelihood that your dog will develop ringworm, as well as increase the potential for a more severe infection.
Environments that are densely populated with animals for example, in an animal shelter or kennel , or where there is poor nutrition, poor management practices, and lack of an adequate quarantine period, also increase risk of infection.
Your veterinarian will perform a fungal culture of plucked hairs or skin scales, a microscopic examination of a sample of hair, or possibly a skin biopsy if he or she suspects ringworm. Additional testing may also be necessary. Most dogs can be treated for ringworm on an outpatient basis, but quarantine procedures should be considered due to the contagious and zoonotic transmissible to humans nature of many types of ringworm.
In mild cases, topical treatment may be all that is needed to speed recovery and reduce the chances that the disease will spread to other animals or people. Shaving a pet with a long coat can help topical medications reach the skin. Options include lime sulfur dips, enilconazole rinses, and miconazole shampoos. For more severe cases, a veterinarian will also prescribe oral anti-fungal drugs like itraconazole, griseofulvin, fluconazole, terbinafine, or ketoconazole.
Treatment often must continue for several months and should not be stopped until followup diagnostic testing shows that the dog is free of ringworm. If an underlying condition e. Repeated fungal cultures are the best way to monitor your dog's response to treatment. Some animals will look better with treatment, but ringworm is still present in their fur, skin, or nails. If treatment is stopped too soon, the dog may relapse and continue to pose a risk to other individuals.
Most veterinarians will wait until a dog has no clinical signs of ringworm and at least one negative fungal culture before recommending that treatment be stopped. Also, monthly checks of blood work may be indicated for dogs receiving ketoconazole or itraconazole as these drugs can be toxic to the liver. It may be necessary to screen or treat other animals and people in the home that have had contact with a ringworm positive pet to prevent reinfections from occurring.
Pets undergoing treatment for ringworm need to be isolated to prevent the spread of the disease to other animals or people. Wear disposable gloves and wash your skin and clothes after handling an infected pet. To decontaminate your home, thoroughly vacuum floors and upholstery and clean hard surfaces with an effective disinfectant like a dilute bleach solution. Home Dog Diseases A Z. Ringworm in Dogs.
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